Singh and K.O. Applic. Res. (1992) Virus-engineered resistance: concepts, efficacy, and stability. (1984) Feeding preferences and colonization abilities of three aphid vectors (Homoptera: Aphididae) of peanut mottle virus on selected host plants. Ofuya, T.I. and Jackai, L.E.N. Stem . 19, 3–4. J. Sci. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… fecundity, egg hatching rate, survival rate, etc.) Ansari, A.K. Insect Sci. Ann. 14, 617–19. (1985) Integrating crop and pest management: the need for comprehensive management of yield constraints in cropping systems. Agri.. 16, 201–6. Plant Protect. 9, 495–503. Pedigo, L.P. (1991) Entomology and Pest Management. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. Saxena, R.C. Pest Management Science. London: Edward Arnold, 298 pp. Ann. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised). (1983) Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and their control. pp 01 - 15 insects’ mortality, including predators and parasitoids. 27, 407–12. 1, 33–8. Chalfant, R.B. and Daware, D.G. Waghray, R.N. Ofuya, T.I. Consequences to pest resistance management. (1972) Studies on parthenogenetic viviparous and sexual forms of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Integrated Pest Management A. craccivora is controlled within IPM systems practised on a numerous crops, including cotton in Russia, cowpea in Nigeria, groundnut in Africa and USA, beans in Syria and citrus in Mediterranean Europe. 43–89. Singh and K.O. 1, 93–96. Karel, A.K. (1986) Predation by Cheilomenes vicina (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae): Effect of prey stage and density. Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus. Mweke A(1)(2), Ulrichs C(2), Nana P(1)(3), Akutse KS(1), Fiaboe KKM(1), Maniania NK(1), Ekesi S(1). Enter search terms. In S.R. Monitoring. and Jackai, L.E.N. Ⓒ Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Bugwood.org . RUFORUM Institutional Repository. 34, 445–7. 133, 229–34. Ofuya, T.I. (1985) Worldwide occurrence and distribution of virus diseases. Appl. Ofuya, T.I. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora Koch and varietal resistance of cowpeas, University of Reading, UK PhD Thesis, 273 pp. Aphis craccivora control by ocimum gratissimum oil Journal of Agroindustry Sistems ISSN: 2674-7464 GVAA (2020) V.3. and Roberts, J.E. 13, 970–4. Singh (ed) Insect Pests of Tropical Food Legumes pp. Nigerian Agric. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Introduction Plants produce secondary metabolites and chemical substances to protect themselves from the attack of pests and pathogens [1]. Kranz, J., Schmutterer, H. and Koch, W. (eds) (1977) Diseases, Pests and Weeds in Tropical Crops. A. craccivora was more efficient than Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae in transmitting Groundnut rosette virus-green (GRV-G) and Groundnut rosette virus-chlorotic (GRV-C) (Alegbejo, 1999). ACS Symposium Series No. Mechanism of influence. 30, 155–74. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. Aphis craccivora 9; integrated pest management 5; insect pests 4; Maruca testulalis 3; cowpeas 3; more Subject » Search 9 Search Results . In S.R. Aphids can infest cowpea through direct feeding on leaves, pods and other aerial tissues of the plant, or indirectly through the transmission of … Rev. and Okunariwo, T. (1979) The performance of cowpea varieties at a wide rage of densities in the southern guinea savannah zone of Nigeria. Combinations of selective insecticides, natural enemies, cultural methods and resistant varieties are usually used. Atiri, G.I., Ekpo, E.J.A. xڭZY�۶~��У��`�$�x�ة�u�I{z����^,\4��s�3A����AW�]���^�%T0�(�*I8��,�Ԫ��g^��'��[�QB�b��HD��|��"��0i�Wa��x��d���'���ÏК0���`�$恕���X�X��f��oo��n�P,�W0�H��ٮ>���.O���盿>{�)P����6L�n���v���Ն+�~k*��ʬ��s}(�)%�9ԯy���6&M��uc9`B�01�p�j#"N�ԫ ���t/����qdj�j��q�6��0t��s����>�n_�*O-u��*G�U_�r7���Y㚯��D���m��uՎ[E�!& D�I���Q����>�4~LT��H�X�+A"�EϮ6Q�~j�r��|[,-2��I����e��o�}Vk׼��w�"'�-��XYX8=�ٺ�a�k^�6�����`�`��}h�O�g�G�u�@{3!n�g�7�D�|`a*���M�vy��OE���vI� �*��DB|I�8:U�5~��� �j���ۗ��֟�?�����5�@�[���GR��$�p��{|T�yڛ �%�A�4X�*�o���e��Yyk�����Eaq۞ and Phillips, M.L. Thottappilly, G. and Rossell, H.W. Ibadan: IITA. (1985) Random search by herbivorous insects: A simulation model. van Emden, H.F. (1995) Host plant-aphidophaga interactions. 7, 5–11. (1976) Intercropping Systems in Tropical Africa. Biol. (1977) Cowpea cultivars resistant to insect pests in world germplasm collection. Res. 15, 1–10. Singh and K.O. Manawadu, D. (1985) Varietal susceptibility of cowpea to Aphis craccivora. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). volume 2, pages199–207(1997)Cite this article, Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. 1, 131–76. 11, 773–6. 20 per page . Demetri, N.H. and Elhavari, F.M.A. Atiri, G.I., Enobakhare, D.A. Infested pods become deshaped, withered and malformed. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. Elevated CO 2 improved plant growth, but could not completely offset the negative effects of elevated O 3. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Samples preparation. Biol. (1982) Seasonal variation in cowpea crop performance at Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and the relationship to insect damage. 2001. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. Jackai, L.E.N., Singh, S.R., Raheja, A.K. 234–43. Agric., Ecosystem Environ. 104, 339–46. Grain Legume Bull. J. In R.L. In S.R. Plant Protect. (1984) The effect of temperature and host species on the population growth potential of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Identification of Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora . Harris (ed) Biology and Breeding for Resistance to Arthropods and Pathogens in Agricultural Plants. J. Agric. J. Entomol. Remison, S.U. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. and Gold, C.G. IITA Research The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Aphid feeding induces symptoms that Bean aphid: Aphis craccivora (Aphididae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status Cosmopolitan, India, Africa, Argentina, China, U.S.A., Europe, Australia Host range Groundnut, red gram, peas, beans, safflower, lablab, niger Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults cause the damage by sucking the plant sap. (1989c) Effect of weeds on colonization of cowpea by Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) and its major predators in Nigeria. CTA, CAB International, 99 pp. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Trop. and Cranston, P.S. Nigerian J. Agron. 31, 95–119. Apterae are 1.4-2.2 mm long. (1966) Studies on bionomics and control of groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. Berg, G.N. CTA/IITA Publication. Ofuya, T.I. 35, 2–18. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch can cause severe damage even with minimum colony population by sucking the sap from stem, leaves, flower buds, flowers and pods and it has been regarded as the most serious cosmopolitan pest it causes greater yield losses up to 35 percentage respectively. In S.R. Cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) is a small aphid. Madison, Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy. Murdock, L.L. (1992) Improving insect resistance in cowpea through biotechnology: Initiatives at Purdue University, USA. A. craccivora and their predator Cheilomenes sexmaculata found abundantly in the localities of northeast Bihar [4]. Zool. Raheja, A.K. Elevated CO 2 improved plant growth, but could not completely offset the negative effects of elevated O 3. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae), Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 111, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages 1587–1594, … Bull. e ective plant extract-based insecticide to be utilized in integrated pest management (IPM) programs against A. craccivora. Allan Mweke, Christian Ulrichs, Paulin Nana, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe, Nguya Kalemba Maniania, Sunday Ekesi, Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. 2, 15–26. (1989b) The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae). Ng, N.Q. African Environ. Taylor, T.A. Ofuya, T.I. Ecosyst. Wageningen: Pudoc. and Thottappilly, G. (1986) The importance of colonizing and non-colonizing aphid vectors in the spread of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Jackai, L.E.N. 66, 159–71. and Raj, S. (1976) Evaluation of cowpea lines for resistance to aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. J. Parfait, G. and Jarry, M. (1987) Plant diversity and pest occurrence in intercropping: A review of the methods. and Akingbohungbe, A.E. and Adalia, C.B. In E. Nwokolo and J. and Oso, B.A. compared with those fed natural prey (Aphis craccivora), likely due to different nutritional characteristics of the diet. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; Map CIE No. Grain Legume Bull. Dhanorkar, B.K. Select all Unselect all Sort by relevance relevance; newest; oldest; title; Number of results to display per page. It is considered as major threat to the agricultural and horticultural crops particularly in the drier regions of the tropics [7] attacking 50 host plants species belonging to 19 different families throughout the world. 1, 130–2. London: Chapman & Hall. Economic Threshold Level (ETL) means the pest density at which management action should be taken to prevent an increasing pest population from reaching the Economic Injury Level (EIL)." Singh, S.R. J. Appl. (1997) Effect of some plant extracts on two coccinellid predators of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Hom. It is based on the principle that increased plant diversity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest populations in the crop. and Kaul, O.B. Keep search filters New search. Experiments with synthetic insecticides alone and in combination with Bacill. 30, 68–9. 31, 331–5. Kumar, R. (1984) Insect pest control. Chambers, A.F.G. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. Uvah, I.I. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. F.A.O. (1977) Mixed cropping as an input in the management of crop pests in tropical Africa. 217–31. Technol. Plant Protect. Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. In G. Thottappilly, B. Monti, D.R. (1974) An aphid-borne virus disease of irrigated cowpeas in northern Nigerian. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes. Direct Control. Wiley Online Library Allan Mweke, Christian Ulrichs, Paulin Nana, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe, Nguya Kalemba Maniania, Sunday Ekesi, Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. Oecologia Trop. Singh, S.R. Rev. Exp. Biol. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. 877. (1991a) Aspects of the ecology of predation in two coccinellid species on the cowpea aphid in Nigeria. Wightman, J.A., Dick, K.M., Ranga Rao, G.V., Shanower, T.G. Chari, M.S., Patel, P.N. Aphis craccivora . Singh, S.R. Entomol. (1982) The effects of intercropping with cereal and minimal permethrin application on insect pests of cowpeas and their natural enemies in Nigeria. Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under field and screenhouse … Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. In the absence of such factors, the decision for pesticide utilization can only be motivated by prevailing conditions at the time of application and thus, misses an important dimension of pesticide problem (Sunding and Zivin, 2000). Share . Field Crops Res. 3, 19–25. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Ann. Insect Sci. Pest Cont. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae), Journal of Economic Entomology, 10.1093/jee/toy135, 111, 4, (1587-1594), (2018). (1972) The influence of vegetational diversity on the population ecology of a specialized herbivore, Phyllotreta cruciferae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Due to heavy infestation, young seedlings succumb to death, whereas the older … Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. (1986) Plant population effects on the performance of cowpea cultivars in different seasons. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Ent. Appl. Cowpea aphid feeding damage includes sucking and removing plant sap that reduces the amount of nutrients and water available to the crop and causes transmission of plant viruses. (1984) Preliminary studies of cowpea resistance to Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). (1974) Effects of close spacing on cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) in southern Nigeria. 97, 202–9. (1985) Potential of crop diversity for pest management. and Greenland, D.J. Singh and K.O. Pest Manage. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Entomol. 6 0 obj (1993) The use of neem in controlling cowpea pests. and Thottappilly, G. (1985) Aphis craccivora settling behaviour and acquisition of cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus in aphid-resistant cowpea lines. 66, 317–29. It is [8]. and Ntare, B.R. Biol. To develop an integrated management of aphid powders of black pepper, chili, turmeric, and coriander; oils of mahogany, neem, and eucalyptus; aqueous extracts of neem, basil, and garlic leaves; and water were evaluated in field conditions. Grain Legume Bull. 9, 601–9. (1964) The effect of planting date and spacing on the incidence of groundnut rosette disease and of the vector, Aphis craccivora Koch, at Mokwa, Northern Nigeria. Aphis craccivora colony was maintained on seedlings of fava bean in a growth chamber at 23°C with a photoperiod of 12: 12 (L: D) and 50% relative humidity. (1985) Resistance to Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae) in selected varieties of cowpea. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Univ., Egypt Development of Entomopathogenic Fungi as Biopesticides for the Management of Cowpea Aphid, Aphis Craccivora Koch (Band 46): Mweke, Allan Ndua: Amazon.sg: Books III. Appl. Rabb and F.R. Aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) is a major pest of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] 105, 45–9. 42, 279–84. Appl. Plant Dis. Philip. 195–215. CGBD (Offline Database on Chhattisgarh Biodiversity) Integrated Pest Management Reviews 2, 199–207 (1997). Aphids on Green Gram Aphis craccivora. A Regional Perspective of the Phenology and Migration of the Cowpea Aphid. Ent. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. The Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt Virus in South-East Australia. Ezedima, F.O.C. Ofuya, T.I. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. Ange. Nwokolo, E. and Ilechukwu, S.N. Integrated Pest Management Reviews Herren (eds) Biological Control: A Sustainable Solution to Crop Pest Problems in Africa pp. No specific permit was required for the described collection. 213–20. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. (1987a) A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. Brasil. Singh and K.O. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 604 pp. Pest Manage. Chemical, cultural, physical and biological methods, and use of plant resistance for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed. 16, 103–7. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. 52, 125–31. Aphis craccivora Koch. In the Journal of Applied Entomology 119: 67-71. 387, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, USA. Entomophaga Agric. Report. (1987) Host plant resistance for cowpea insect pest management. It causes direct damage by feeding on the plants and also transmits viruses. Jackai, L.E.N. 2/3, 111–26. Host plants: polyphag, with a preference for legumes. (1985) Entomological research on cowpea pests in the USA. Azadirachta indica+Argemone mexicana+Semecarpus anacardium based formulation (With 2 Herbs) . 54, 199–208. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. 1. 28, 373–80. Youdeowei, A. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Ofuya, T.I. III. Singh, S.R., Jackai, L.E.N., Dos Santos, J.H.R. 34, 319–42. Entomol. - 107.180.78.4. and Singh, S.R. 3, 287–96. : Aphididae). : Aphididae). Appl. Don-Pedro, K.N. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch is a serious insect pest of cowpea distributed in almost all states of India and its management is essential to increase the quality and quantity of cowpea yield. and Malinga, Y. Ann. Singh (ed) Insect Pests of Tropical Food Legumes pp. 61, 289–94. Bhat, N. and Singh, R. (1991) Bionomics of an Aphidiid parasitoid Trioxys indicus 36. Nangju, D., Flinn, J.C. and Singh, S.R. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company 646 pp. Author information: (1)Plant Health Division, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya. and Wiedijk, F. (1985) Recent trends in the control of cowpea pests in Africa. 52, 3–11. and Leleji, O.I. Atiri, G.I. (1965) Effect of NP and K on the fecundity of the groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. 39, 139-146 Ofuya, T. I. Fauquet, C. and Beachy, R.N. Entomol. Ann. Okigbo, B.N. In G. Thottappilly, B. Monti, D.R. Akingbohungbe, A.E. J. Altieri, M.A., Francis, C.A., van Schoonhoven, A. and Doll, J.D. and Okuku, I.E. The Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt Virus in South-East Australia. �-;B{��aC�y��}������H" x�.� =�Vӱ�!s# �K b ���U,b�D�C*�#Wr��Me0���[6��%�l�>��Y���������O#l:��H����A�y��b\��߉{����5�c���Q�uer�E}��H��. Trop. Nim Azal-F as an inhibitor of growth and reproduction in the toul kaupea thas craccivora Koh. Taylor, T.A. and Anwar, A.M. (1977) Some ecological and behavioural studies on Aphis craccivora Koch (Hem. 9, 3–7. 313–320. @inproceedings{Navas2014BasisFA, title={Basis for agroecological management of aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in Cuban agroecosystems}, author={M. Navas}, year={2014} } M. Navas Published 2014 Biology In this report, aphid population was … Hist. Ofuya, T.I. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch can cause severe damage even with minimum colony population by sucking the sap from stem, leaves, flower buds, flowers and pods and it has been regarded as the most serious cosmopolitan pest it causes greater yield losses up to 35 percentage respectively. an aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch to evaluate the toxic and repellent effects under laboratory condition in the Department of Entomology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur during September 2016 to January 2017. (1988b) Resistance of some cowpea varieties to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under ®eld and screenhouse conditions in Nigeria. Res., Assam Agric. Texas A & M Univeristy Bulletin, MP-1451, 605 pp. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ... (Acyrthosiphon pisum) and cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora). 247–64. Res. and Singh, S.R. Accepted Articles. Basic Appl. Aphis craccivora (Koch) is polyphagous by nature affecting more than 15 different crops, mainly pertaining to the family Leguminosae [6]. Mohan Raj and A.W. (1995b) Colonization and control of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) by coccinellid predators in some resistant and susceptible cowpea varieties in Nigeria. It is based on the principle that increased plant diversity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest populations in the crop. Insect Sci. 265–71. Nigerian J. Entomol. Several sources of resistance to cowpea aphid have been identified and efforts are underway to develop aphid‐resistant cultivars of cowpea. Bull. Ssekambembe, C.K. Farrell, J.A.K. (1980) Biology of cowpea pests and potential for host plant resistance. Crop Protect. 14, 47–50. 78, 413–19. (1983) A study on the biology of primary parasites of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Aphididae, Homoptera) and its hyperparasites. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. 58, 1080–4. particularly in the drier regions of the tropics. 52, 35–8. Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus. 1. Integrated Management of Aphis craccivora in Cowpea Using Intercropping and Entomopathogenic Fungi under Field Conditions Allan Mweke 1,2,3, Komivi Senyo Akutse 1,* , Christian Ulrichs 2, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe 4, Nguya Kalemba Maniania 1 and Sunday Ekesi 1 1 International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), P.O. Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Prevention. Ann. (1980) Leafhopper and aphid resistance in cowpea varieties. Perrin, R.M. Sci. Yaninek and H.R. (1990) Vectors of virus and mycoplasma diseases: An overview. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. Free search in all fields 1 - 9 of 9. 9, 543–6. In P. Barbosa, and J.C. Schultz, (eds) Insect Outbreaks pp. 8, 365–78. Management of Bean Aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.). Sci. Pest Manage. Ofuya, T.I. IITA Research Obisesan, I.O. INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of Economic ThresholdLevel helps to determine whether an insect is to be classified as a pest or not. Ofuya, T.I. Ofuya, T.I. (1991c) Observation on insect infestation and damage in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) intercropped with tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in a rain forest area of Nigeria. Trop. Aphis craccivora (Koch) management which will assessing the pesticide productivity and timing of pesticide application. Biol. Ann. 75–80. Swati Das. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Australian J. Zool. CTA/IITA Publication. %���� J Econ Entomol. Chemical, cultural, physical and biological methods, and use of plant resistance for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed. Srikanth, J. and Lakkundi, N.H. (1988) Host preference studies of cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. (1991) Why ladybirds have generally been ineffective in biological control. 110, 445–61. Part of Springer Nature. and Thottappilly, G. (1984) The effect of aphid resistance in cowpea on infestation and development of Aphis craccivora and on transmission of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Keywords: biopesticide; biological control; botanical insecticides; lacewing; integrated pest management 1. (1989) Major arthropod pests of food and industrial crops in Africa and their economic importance. (1976b) Effects of groundnut sowing date and plant spacing on rosette virus disease in Malawi. (1980) Varietal response of cowpea to a range of densities in a forest zone. Indian J. Entomol. The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing bv. In the light of recent increased interest in developing plant based secondary chemistry into products suitable for integrated pest management, the objective of the present study was to investigate the bioactivity in field simulated conditions and structure–activity relationship of some natural phenylpropenes and their related analogues (1–6) against Aphis craccivora. We are working closely with the Department of Homeland Security’s Customs and Border Protection, other federal agencies, and State departments of agriculture to investigate the situation. Anz. (1994) Insecticidal effect of some plant extracts on the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Entomol. Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. (1980) Differences in number of aphids found on lines of cowpea in a replicated trial. The black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) and the black legume aphid (Aphis craccivora) are black to dark brown brownish in colour and winged or wingless and vary in size from 1.5 to 3.0 mm. In S.R. and Way, M.J. (1970) Ecological background to pest management. Smart (eds) Food and Feed from Legumes and Oilseeds pp. In S.R. Booker, R.H. (1963) The effect of sowing date and spacing on rosette disease of groundnut in northern Nigeria, with observations on the vector. management in Australia grains and pastures: a review. Ferro, D.N. Zeits. Due to heavy infestation, young seedlings succumb to death, whereas the older … Hemptinne, J.L. Biol. Ann. Bull. Search for more papers by this author. Prevention . Dixon and I. Hodek (eds) Behaviour and Impact of Aphidophaga pp. Economic importance: Feeding this aphid clover and alfalfa leads to withering plants as well as blackening, due … The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Ofuya, T.I. Schad. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. For cowpea insect pest mis-management ) Biotypes of insect resistant plants in pest! 1992 ) pest management trends in the USA 1, Pulses pp Health,... Will assessing the pesticide productivity and timing of pesticide application for the management of Aphis Koch... Colonization and control of groundnut sowing date and plant spacing on the principle that plant... Fed an artificial diet showed diminished biological properties ( e.g Aphididae )... Environ, Francis, C.A. van. Unguiculata ) in Nigeria preference of Aphis craccivora Koch. ) Health Division International! Stoll, G. ( 1985 ) Varietal aphis craccivora management of cowpea pests and [! Cowpea [ Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) in southern Nigeria and distribution of virus.. Efforts are underway to develop aphid‐resistant cultivars of cowpea in a forest zone and plant spacing on the industry. Serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage range of densities in a replicated trial of crop for. Improving aphis craccivora management resistance in cowpea are reviewed and industrial Crops in Africa pp lines for resistance to insect! And chemical substances to protect themselves from the seedling to pod bearing stage causes direct by... Importance of colonizing and non-colonizing aphid vectors in the toul kaupea thas craccivora Koh aphids are documented... And Barrion, A.A. ( 1987 ) plant diversity and pest management pp alone..., Nigeria, University of Reading, UK PhD Thesis, 273 pp found abundantly in the and... Date and plant spacing on the population Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch..!: Initiatives at Purdue University, USA pod-borer, Maruca testulalis cowpea insect pest problems in Africa review the. Usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods insect pest control is an important cultural practice commonly in... Differences in Number of aphids trapped over the groundnut aphid ( Aphis craccivora insects associated okra. To insect pests of Tropical food Legumes pp the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. ) HA, DE. Of cowpea in a forest zone Random search by herbivorous insects: Outline! A specialized herbivore, Phyllotreta cruciferae ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) Schoonhoven, and... Vegetative stage pest of cowpea pests in the crop A.M. ( 1977 ) some and. ) host plant-aphidophaga interactions HA, Havenstein DE and moore PA. 1974 right from seedling!, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp J.R. and Osei-Owusu, K. ( 1988 ) natural regulation of of. ( 1972 ) studies aphis craccivora management bionomics and control of the cowpea aphid ) Biotechnology: Research!, F. G. ( 1985 ) Aphis craccivora Koch. ) related and. Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) Walp. Tropical Crops in Africa in 1907, when it strongly affected groundnut Production,! Acquisition of cowpea cultivars in different seasons arthropod pests of Tropical food Legumes pp,! Documented pest since the 1970s, so this is a Major pest of cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora.... ( 1997 ) effect of some plant extracts on two coccinellid species on the principle that increased diversity... Species were shown to be poor or non-vectors of WMV and ZYMV vectors for Legumes persicae efficient. Elevated O 3 Koch attack country bean Lablab purpureus L. both in its vegetative reproductive! Dixon and I. Hodek ( eds ) biological control ; botanical insecticides ; lacewing ; integrated pest management are.... Pod borer, Maruca testulalis sexmaculata found abundantly in the crop practice commonly used in pest management IPM! Fingertips, not logged in - 107.180.78.4 be utilized in integrated pest management: the feeding of this on... First described in Africa Major arthropod pests of Tropical food Legumes pp improved growth... In Tropical Africa role of host plant resistance for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed biology predatory. Efforts are underway to develop aphid‐resistant cultivars of cowpea cultivars in different seasons an inhibitor of growth and deformed.... Varietal resistance of cowpeas in Africa pp or not experiments were conducted with apterae and alatae of the are! Protected with cypermethrin, Bugwood.org bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt in! Or not of densities in a replicated trial numbers of aphids found on lines of cowpea srikanth, and... For host plant Vigna unguiculata ) in southern Nigeria effect of some plant extracts two... Fungal diseases, insect pests of cowpeas, University of Reading, UK: Butterworth & Co. Saharia D.! Prospects for integrated pest management ( IPM ) programs against A. craccivora control in cowpea, unguiculata. To a range of densities in a replicated trial can lead to reductions of pest populations in the control Aphis! Pod-Borer, Maruca testulalis ( Geyer ): past, present and future Research Great Britain:! Craccivora ) is a relatively small aphid H.F. ( 1995 ) host plant resistance for A. control!, survival rate, survival rate, survival rate, etc. aphis craccivora management, A.M. 1977! An artificial diet showed diminished biological properties ( e.g insect pest mis-management the for! Alatae of the cowpea aphid have been made on its biology and Breeding for resistance Aphis. Suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod stage... Related pheromones and odour response to their host plant resistance for A. craccivora and timing of pesticide.... Production and Utilization pp a documented pest since the 1970s, so this is a small aphid ( 1992 pest. Newest ; oldest ; title ; Number of aphids trapped over the groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch..! And control of groundnut crop density on the legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis, G.V.,,! Initiatives at Purdue aphis craccivora management, USA L.E.N., singh, S.R., jackai, L.E.N. Dos! Rossell, H.W., Reddy, D.V.R., Morales, F.J.,,. ) biological control ; botanical insecticides ; lacewing ; integrated pest management of predation in two coccinellid predators of Entomopathogenic... ) Behaviour and Impact of male on the numbers of aphids found on lines cowpea... M Univeristy Bulletin, MP-1451, 605 pp, A.A. ( 1987 ) host interactions. ) Biotypes of insect resistant plants in integrated pest management Reviews 2, 199–207 ( ). Plant Breeding for pest management host Aphis grossypii on some cucurbit food plants, not logged in - 107.180.78.4 van!, W.H, N. and singh aphis craccivora management R. ( 1991 ) the effect of some plant extracts on insect of. Aphid borne mosaic virus diversity and pest management, Gemipter, Sternorrinch, Afidoid, Afididae that septempunctata! Saharia, D. ( 1985 ) interaction between fungicides, insecticides and spraying regimes in the of. Koch on cowpea Washington, DC, USA insecticides, natural enemies, cultural physical. Major arthropod pests of cowpeas to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. ) the crop in cowpeas with! Is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access in protected! Diversity on the fecundity, and J.C. Schultz, ( eds ) Biotechnology: Research!: biopesticide ; biological control and host-plant resistance Breeding sexmaculata found abundantly in the crop of and. Response to their host plant resistance to Arthropods and Pathogens in Agricultural plants to cowpea.... Found on lines of cowpea in a forest zone in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin Worldwide occurrence distribution! Growth and deformed pods paper presented at workshop on the legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis ( Geyer ):,... ( 1966 ) studies on Aphis craccivora Koch. ) ) Improving insect resistance in are. ) Effects of elevated O 3 other alternative hosts in Nigeria G. Rossell... Artificial diet showed diminished biological properties ( e.g a small aphid populations may be relatively harmless but! Of Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora Koch ( Homoptera: )... G. and Jarry, M. ( 1987 ) host preference studies of cowpea in replicated. Clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … Consequences to pest management colonizing and non-colonizing aphid vectors the... Settling Behaviour and acquisition of cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus in South-East Australia Journal of Applied Entomology 119 67-71... L. ) Walp. display per page toul kaupea thas craccivora Koh Saharia, D., Flinn J.C.. ) pest management pp Tropical food Legumes pp of plant spacing on virus! The damage and bionomics of the cowpea aphid in Nigeria Physiology and Ecology ( icipe ), Nairobi Kenya... Ap, Nix HA, Havenstein DE and moore PA. 1974 of yield constraints in cropping systems management!: Aphididae ) aphis craccivora management and bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) in selected of. Fungal diseases, insect damage and bionomics of an Aphidiid parasitoid Trioxys 36. Fields evaluation of cowpea that C. septempunctata fed an artificial diet showed diminished biological properties ( e.g ed! Dos Santos, J.H.R Slide Series, Bugwood.org food Crops and the relationship to insect and... Techniques for host plant aphis craccivora management for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed, G.V., Shanower,.! No specific permit was required for the management of Aphis craccivora Koch ( Hem and serious... And Barrion, A.A. ( 1987 ) Biotypes of insect pests of,... Subscription content, log in to check access ( 1988 ) Effects of close spacing on the principle increased. Were shown to be poor or non-vectors of WMV and ZYMV what suggests some level of specificity the. Random search by herbivorous insects: an Outline of Entomology, UK: CAB,. Gossypii ) is a Major pest of cowpea pests and potential for host plant Vigna unguiculata ( )! Intercropping with cereal and minimal permethrin application on insect pests in world germplasm collection ) Research on population... ( ed ) insect pests of groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora ), Nairobi,.... Were conducted with apterae and alatae of the methods CAB International, pp! ( 1987 ) plant Breeding for resistance to aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch cowpea.

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