Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq himself had spent a number of years as prince to occupy and guard the southern states during the time of his father. Be it distillation of perfumes, the making of dyes, the extraction of sugar, the weaving of cotton. Therefore, another increase in the land revenue tax upto ten percent more in the Doab by the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq, definitely created serious peasant discontentment. The "Sevuna" (or Seuna) name was brought back into use by John Faithfull Fleet in hi… In retaliation, Mahmud Ghazni (998-1030 AD) made 17 raids on India; 1001 AD: Mahmud defeated Jayapala and took him prisoner but released. Peasants unwilling and unable to pay tax, fled away from the villages and Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq took harsh measures to capture and punish them. Question 7:Which of the following was/were centres of medicinal learning during ancient times? Only (iii)C. (i) & (iii)D. (i) & (ii)ExplanationYukti Kalpa Taru : The treatise gives a technocratic exposition on the techniques of shipbuilding, providing minute details on various types of ships, their sizes along with materials from which they were built. During my ten days in the city I took it upon myself to… (vii) Kanada → material world is made up of lam a which cannot be seen through human organ. In 1329,[///*** After all Tughluq was educated! 46.Who among the following Sultan built an observatory at Daulatabad? He was highly ambitious and was a man of high moral character. In the late 1180s, Ballala launched a campaign against Bhillama, and decisively defeated his army at Soratur. It was found a huge amount of foreged copper coins in the market as a result of private minting. The governors of the provinces were directed to submit the documents showing their incomes and expenditures and other necessary materials for the compilation work. Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. People had a lot of expectations from him and he on the other hand, had the desire for more valuable contribution for his countrymen than his predecessors. (xvi) Propounded earth cloud theory in his book Brihat Samhita. This made the situation more deplorable. (xi) Ain-i-Akbari- “regulation of perfume office” of Akbar. GeometryExplanationBijaganita was Indian mathematician Bhaskara II's treatise on algebra. In Daulatabad, an observatory was established by Firoz Shah Bahmani under Hakim Hussain Gilani and Syed Muhammad Kazimi. Wind, which are produced with the help of blood, flesh & marrow & body becomes sick due to an imbalance between these three.- Prevention rather than cure.- Genetics is also mentioned.Sushruta Samhita- Mentions practical problems of Surgery & Obstetrics.- Sushruta studied anatomy.- His forte was mainly:(a) Rhinoplasty (plastic surgery)(b) Ophthalmology (ejection of Cataract)- Surgery- termed as Sastrakarma.- This book records in detail the steps to be taken for performance of a surgery.- Rhinoplasty (restoration of a mutilated nose through plastic surgery)- his biggesr contribution.- Ejection of cataracts from eye was even done by him. It helped in bringing north and south closer together by improving communications. (a) Vasco-da- Gama (b) Don Almaida (c) Albuquerque (d) Duplex Ultimately the Sultan incurred a huge financial loss and his reputation as a conqueror hampered much. Firoz Shah Bahmani under Hakim Hussain Gilani and Syed Muhammad Kazimi set up an observatory in Daulatabad. Question 1:Which branch of mathematics was called Bijaganita during ancient times? MadhyamandiraC. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was well known for his wisdom and character. KarateC. MATHEMATICS(i) Also called Ganita & includes:- Arithmetic (Pattin Ganita/Anka Ganita)- Algebra (Bija ganita)- Geometry (Rekha Ganita)- Astronomy (Khagolshastra)- Astrology (Jyotisa)(ii) Between 1000 BC & 1000 AD- a number of treatise on mathematics were authorised by Indian mathematicians. No doubt the Doab region between the Ganga and Yamuna was highly fertile and production was more than any other part of the country, but hike in the tax came at a wrong time and assessment of revenue was not based on the factual report. The object of his taxation policy in the Doab was to increase the military resources. This was not achieved rather he was mistaken by the people as a lunatic person. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. (xii) Mother of Noorjahan- discovered attar of roses. 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